The evergreen Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris
) is the most common native tree in Finland. The Pinus family has long soft needles arising in pairs, threes or fives and the trees grow up to 25 m in height. Pine is an important tree in forestry with the wood being used for pulp and sawn timber products.
A seedling stand can be created by planting, sowing or natural regeneration. Commercial plantation rotations vary between 50–120 years.
The wood is pale brown to red-brown, and used for general construction work. It has a dry density of around 480 kg/m3 (varying with growth conditions), green weight ca. 800kg/m3, a fibre saturation point of 0.25 kg/kg and a saturation moisture content of 1.60 kg/kg. Side boards of pine have sound knots or are knot-free and are ideal for producing mouldings, panelling and flooring.