Norway Spruce (Picea abies
) is the second most common wood species in Finland and is a large evergreen coniferous tree growing to 35–55 m tall. The Picea family has short single needles and the tree tolerates acidic soils well, but does not do well on dry or deficient soils. It has a dry density of around 450 kg/m3 (varying with growth conditions) and a green weight of about 600kg/m3.
Spruce is one of the most economically important coniferous species in Europe. It is used in forestry for timber and paper production, and as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens. Spruce is also planted for use as Christmas trees.